Appearances can be deceptive, but sometimes what you see is exactly what you get: With his dashing good looks and impeccable style, Clark Gable really was the quintessential leading man; with his ever-unruly hair and uber-thick German accent, Albert Einstein really was quintessential scientific genius; with his 6’4” frame and irresistibly boyish smile, Ted Williams really was the quintessential all-American ball player.
And with his signature moustache and comically flamboyant gestures, Arthur Fiedler really was the quintessential orchestra conductor.
Born in Boston on December 17, 1894, a first-generation American whose parents were Austrian, Fiedler’s father was a violist with the Boston Symphony Orchestra (BSO) and his mother was a pianist. From age 13 to 16 he attended the prestigious Boston Latin School – as would Leonard Bernstein two decades later – until his father retired in 1900 and moved the family to Vienna. In 1910, they moved to Berlin, where Fiedler studied violin at the Royal Academy of Music from 1911 to mid-1915.
BSO VIOLINIST, CONDUCTING DEBUT
In the fall of 1915, when World War I had begun to engulf Western Europe, 20-year-old Fiedler returned to Boston and, following in his father’s footsteps, joined the BSO as a violinist while also working outside of the that orchestra as a pianist, organist and percussionist.
Fiedler’s first time conducting the Boston Pops (known to locals as “the Pops”) – an offshoot of the BSO founded in 1885 to offer “light” classical and popular-music arrangements – was in 1926, when he stood in as assistant conductor. His request to be appointed to the position full time was refused until four years later.
In 1930, Fiedler began his 49-year tenure as the orchestra’s first American-born principal conductor. Although the position is generally a mid-career phase, Fiedler immersed himself in the role for the rest of his life, working tirelessly to popularize both classical music and the Pops across demographics through extensive recordings – the Pops have sold more albums than any orchestra in the world – and frequent radio and television broadcasts.
Using his singular combination of musicianship and showmanship – and criticized by some for his edits of classical compositions in order to make them more palatable to non-afficionados – Fiedler established the Pops as one of the most respected orchestras in the world, becoming a musical icon in Boston, across New England and around the globe.
EVENING AT POPS
One of Fiedler’s most enduring legacies is the series of free concerts that he initiated, called “Evening at Pops on the Esplanade,” held at the Hatch Memorial Shell on the Esplanade, a public park along the Charles River. Contrary to popular belief, Fiedler began these performances six years before becoming the Pops’ conductor when, in 1924, he formed the Boston Sinfonietta, a chamber music orchestra comprised of BSO members that performed at the Hatch Memorial Shell in the summer. That group played at the first event on July 4, 1929 – a year before Fiedler became the Pops’ principal conductor – and has continued annually at the venue since, with the exception of 2021 when it was held at Tanglewood.
FOOTBRIDGE, BICENTENNIAL CONCERT
In 1953, the Arthur Fiedler Footbridge was built near the Hatch Memorial Shell to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the free outdoor performances. In 1976, when the Pops’ Fourth of July concert was nationally televised for the nation’s bicentennial, the 80-year-old, jacketless Fiedler reached rock-star-level fame as he swung his arms above his head with abandon while conducting, swept up in the passion of the moment. Film of him puffing out his cheeks to the beat of the music provided one of the most unforgettable images of the nation’s 200th-birthday celebration.
In 1973, Fiedler established another annual tradition, Christmas concerts at Symphony Hall, known as Holiday Pops. The program features about 40 performances throughout December and, since the 1990s, a New Year’s Eve concert by the Boston Pops Swing Orchestra. Since 2014, the orchestra has been performing at showings of Christmas movies during Holiday Pops; the first one featured was Home Alone, for which the Pops’ Laureate Conductor John Williams wrote the score.
Fiedler’s other lasting legacies are in recording and television. Under his direction, the sales revenue from Pops’ recordings, including albums, singles and cassettes, exceeded $50 million.
The orchestra’s debut album was issued in 1935 on the RCA Victor label, followed by its first high-fi recording in 1947, RCA’s first long-playing classical album, which was re-recorded in stereo in 1954. Under Fiedler, a number of the Pops’ recordings were released as 45-rpm extended-play discs, beginning in 1949. Fiedler and the Pops recorded exclusively for RCA Victor until 1970, then switched to Deutsche Grammophon for classical albums and its partner company Polydor for pop-music releases before moving to London Records.
As for television, after making regular appearances conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra on the NBC radio program The Standard Hour in the early 1950s, Fiedler introduced entire generations to classical music beginning in 1970 when, in association with PBS station WGBH-TV in Boston, he developed Evening at Pops, recorded during the regular season at Symphony Hall and broadcast weekly. The series continued until 2004, when the BSO decided to stop funding the almost $1 million/episode project. In 1971, he conducted at the nationally televised opening ceremonies for Walt Disney World.
BROADWAY, HOLLYWOOD, THE BEATLES, SATURDAY NIGHT FIEDLER
Wanting to present the Pops as a “light” orchestra and often using a self-mocking conducting style to attract larger audiences, Fiedler had the Pops perform and record music from notable Broadway shows and Hollywood films along with his arrangements of hits of the day, particularly those by The Beatles such as the on the 1971 album Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops Play the Beatles.
While the Pops occasionally recorded classical pieces that were not light in the least such as Dvorak’s “New World Symphony,” Fielder’s final album with the Pops was about as light as any orchestra has ever been: Devoted to disco and released in 1979, Saturday Night Fiedler featured his arrangements of songs from the 1978 blockbuster Saturday Night Fever.
To his millions of fans, particularly those in New England, Fiedler was known for his fascination with the work of firefighters and for travelling in his own vehicle to see and/or assist extinguishing fires in and around Boston at any time day or night. In 1957, the Boston Fire Department made him First Honorary Fire Chief and several suburban fire departments gave him honorary helmets and/or badges.
In Fiedler’s official biography, Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops (Houghton, Mifflin, Harcourt, 1981), author (and assistant BSO conductor) Harry Ellis Dickson writes that he assisted in rescue efforts at the Cocoanut Grove nightclub fire in Boston in November 1942, in which 492 people died.
Fielder received many prestigious awards for his work with the Pops, including an honorary doctorate from the Berklee College of Music in 1972 and the University of Pennsylvania’s Glee Club Award of Merit in 1976 (given to those who have “made a significant contribution to the world of music and helped to create a climate in which our talents may find valid expression”). In January 1977, President Gerald R. Ford presented him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
HEALTH PROBLEMS, DEATH
In 1979, after suffering congestive heart failure that resulted in brain surgery the year before, 84-year old Fiedler began his 50th season conducting the Pops on May 1, as scheduled, but was not well enough to conduct the Fourth of July event. Assistant conductor Harry Ellis Dickson led the orchestra in his place and Fiedler died six days later, on July 10, 1979.
In 1984, the City of Boston honored him by placing an oversized bust of Fiedler alongside the Esplanade, the location of the free concert series and Fourth of July event he spearheaded in 1924 and which continues today, beloved by millions in Boston, across New England and the greater US.
(by D.S. Monahan)