Before the Zamir Chorale of Boston was founded in 1969, a Zamir Chorale had already been in full swing in New York since 1960 (initially under the name the Massad Choir). But wait, it turns out that Zamir Chorales – vocal groups that presented concerts with examples of non-religious Jewish music – actually started in 1899 in Lodz, Poland. Those groups eventually spread throughout Europe, but had vanished by the end of WWII. The New York and its offshoot Boston editions of the choir are still going strong.
Josh Jacobson, a Newton resident and founder and artistic director of the Zamir Chorale of Boston, recently recalled its early days and how the organization has progressed in its almost 50 years.
“When I was 14 years old, in 1962, I was at Camp Yavneh, a Hebrew-speaking summer camp in New Hampshire,” he said. “The music counselor, Stanley Sperber, had just started the Massad Choir in New York (the name was changed to Zamir, which translates as both “music” and “nightingale,” two years later). I was a folk singer back then and wasn’t interested in choirs, but when I heard them I said, ‘Whoa! That’s pretty good!’ I was soon hooked, and the following summer I became Stanley’s assistant. A few years later, early in 1969, I got a call from him. He was in New York saying we want you to start a Zamir Chorale in Boston. I had just graduated from Harvard, and was starting graduate school in choral conducting at New England Conservatory. I got together with a bunch of my camp friends, we rounded up some students from the dorms at B.U., and we formed the choir. That first year we had no auditions; anybody could join. We started it in October, 1969, and there was tremendous excitement.”
The idea was to rehearse and perform Jewish choral music, much of which was chosen by the New York contingent. Things soon took a new direction when Jacobson got a call from the New England Jewish Music Forum, which was presenting a concert of new Jewish music by young composers at Temple Ohabei Shalom in Brookline. Word had gotten out that Jacobson had written a rock version of the traditional Havdalah Service that concludes Sabbath worshipping, and was invited to be on the program. His response: “Sure, and I have a group to perform it.”
Jacobson and his singers, who then numbered about 40, worked up a set of pieces and did that first concert in January, 1970. Another one followed shortly after that, and the next year Jacobson started auditioning singers and putting more thought into repertoire.
“I was doing research into Jewish music that nobody knew about, we commissioned new pieces, and I started writing arrangements of popular Jewish songs,” he said. “We began to get a following, and I took it as a mission to get this music better known in the general world of choral music and choral conducting.”
Programs eventually included major works for chorus and orchestra, including Leonard Bernstein’s “Chichester Psalms,” Ernest Bloch’s “Sacred Service,” and the New England premiere of Arnold Schoenberg’s “Kol Nidre.”
In the ensuing years, the Zamir Chorale of Boston has played all over the U.S. and, in 1999, did a tour through Eastern Europe, including a stop in the founding city of Lodz. They currently average about seven-10 concerts per season, and have 60 singers, though at one point in the late-1970s, there were close to 100. Some of their pieces are done a cappella, but a typical concert is accompanied by piano, percussion, and clarinet.
Jacobson, who recently retired from his position as professor of music and director of choral activities at Northeastern University, is putting even more energy into Zamir: choosing the repertoire, planning the programs, auditioning new singers, rehearsing the chorus, conducting, and introducing the pieces at concerts.
“I’ll tell the audience that there’s more to Jewish music than just ‘Hava Nagila’ and ‘My Yiddishe Mama’,” he said. “Our repertoire is much more sophisticated and varied than when we started, and many members of the chorus now are also professional musicians and music teachers. I love doing this.”
More information can be found at www.zamir.org.
(by Ed Symkus)